The executive functions include:
* initiation of and overall control of the execution of deliberate actions
* initiation of and overall control of goal directed behaviour
* attention
* planning
* decision making

Deficits
Often impaired in motor skill learning
“Unconscious” tasks may require concentration
Difficulty with verbal fluency
Inability to shift mental sets
Perseverative tendencies
Repetition (getting “stuck”, being stubborn”)
Difficulty in planning and initiation (getting started)
Organization and sequencing impaired